Australian or American?
Is there a difference? Yes. Australian Labradoodles are considered a fusion of a Lab and Poodle, along with other breeds, while a Labradoodle is solely a cross between a Labrador Retriever, a Poodle, and its back-crosses.
- F1: The first cross of a purebred Labrador retriever to a purebred Poodle (50% Lab – 50% Poodle).
- F1B: The backcrosses of a first cross (Labradoodle F1) to a purebred Poodle (75% Poodle).
- Multigen Labradoodle: The offspring of a Labradoodle (F1B or Multigen) bred to a Labradoodle (F1B or Multigen). Phoebe’s only breeds Multigen Labradoodles.
Labradoodle Breed Standard
Labradoodles are known to be:
- Extremely clever, easy to train and quick learners
- Loyal, protective but not hostile or on the offensive (good alarm dog hehe)
- Cuddlers “lap dog”, sociable and never meets a stranger, easy to handle in public
- Energetic, comical, joyful, playful
- Ability to “know”
The most noticeable quality in a labradoodle’s temperament is they display an intuition about their family members’ or handler’s current emotional state or needs. This ability to “know” is what has made the Labradoodle an excellent dog for families with small kids or infants, individuals with special needs, and elderly folk.
Labradoodles must appear athletic and graceful with a compact body displaying substance with medium boning. Dog should not appear heavy or overly fine. A distinctive feature of this breed is their coat, which is non-shedding and easy to manage.
The trotting gait is effortless, smooth, powerful and coordinated in mature dogs. Labradoodles should have a good reach in front and drive from behind for fast forward motion. Sound free movements with a light gait are essential.
There are 3 sizes of the Labradoodle:
- Standard: 21-24 inches, 50-65 lbs
- Medium: 17-20 inches, 30-45 lbs
- Miniature: 14-16 inches, 15-25 lbs
At Phoebe’s Labradoodles of Texas, we breed towards the “medium” sized dog. We believe that this size is large enough to have sustainable stamina for both a morning and evening hunt, and has enough strength and power to swim with a goose, duck or dove in its mouth. We believe this size is also small enough to be easily mobile during traveling, for example, fitting in a car seat. More importantly, this size is able to live in any sized home, from a 1 bedroom apartment, to a 4 bedroom home with children, or a farm with 100 acres of land. This size is also easy to groom, and less expensive to feed, which is a big plus! All Labradoodles are cuddlers and lap dogs, no matter the size. But because of their intuitive sensory, a 70 lbs dog will be just as gentle and docile in your lap as a 15 lbs dog.
Labradoodle Coat Types
There are 3 different coat types for the Australian Labradoodle:
- Nothing like sheep’s wool, it feels more like cashmere. This coat is considered non shedding and odorless, making it the most allergy and asthma friendly. It’s soft, luxurious, thick and full. The “Ideal” wool coat should hang in loose hollow spirals when it becomes long. To keep the wool coat long and flowing will require more maintenance. If this coat is kept short, it is very easy to maintain, but still requires regular grooming to avoid matts.
- Fleece is very soft and silky, a sort of chenille feel. A true fleece is little to non shedding with no odor. The appearance of this coat can range anywhere from wavy, straight open, or light spiral. This coat requires weekly brushing to avoid mating. It can be clipped to a 1” length 4 times a year and then allowed to grow back to its long flowing length.
- The hair coat is similar to that of a lab. It will shed. Normally, this coat occurs in the early generation Labradoodles such as the first cross of a lab X poodle, F1b and sometimes in F2b. At Phoebe’s, we do not desire the hair type.
- The color’s name speaks for itself. Ideally it should be the color of real caramel. The range of color can vary between gold and red. The key is in the nose pigment; caramel colored dogs need to have rose pigmentation.
- Pups that are truly chocolate are born almost black in color and they will retain their rich dark color throughout their lives. The color should be even and the nose pigment should be liver or rose.
- This color comes in a wide variety of shades but it should be creamy in appearance. It can have tinting of gold/apricot. The nose pigment can be black or rose.
- The color has been referred to as “apricot” because the standard calls for the color to resemble the inside of a ripe apricot to varying shades of rich dark gold. The color should be even throughout and the roots should not be lighter. This beautiful color can fade as the dog grows older. The pigment for the nose is black.
- This color is a creamy beige chocolate color. It has been described as a cup of coffee with a generous addition of milk. These dogs are born milk chocolate and will develop their parchment coloring over time. The nose pigment is rose.
- True reds should be rich and dark in color and the roots should be no lighter. Sadly, this coat color tends to fade over time. The nose color is to be black.
- This color can range between a light milk chocolate to an almost beige. This color develops over the first 1-3 years. Nose pigment should be rose.
- This color is a white looking color. However, if you were to compare it to a true white, it would appear to be more chalk-white in color. Nose pigment can be either black or rose.
- Black Labradoodles should be solid in color with no sprinklings of other colors throughout the coat. Their pigment color should be black.
- These pups would start out black and their silver coloring develops over the first few years of their lives. The color range can be anywhere from a light pewter to a dark charcoal. Ideally, the color should be solid, but it’s acceptable to have uneven layering of color in the coat. Silver dogs need to have black pigmentation.
- These pups are born black with blue/grey pigmentation. The blue coat will develop over the first few years.The color should be solid once they are full grown. It should be a dark-medium smoky blue.
- This color has a smoky lavender chocolate coloring that almost gives off a pink to lilac appearance. These pups are born chocolate and will come into their beautiful lavender coats over the first few years. Their pigmentation should be rose in color.
- These dogs need to be at least fifty percent white, with spots or patches of any other above solid color. Full or partial saddles are acceptable, but are not preferred. Ticking in the white of the coat is acceptable but not preferred. The nose pigment needs to match the solid color.
- Phantom colored dogs have a solid base color with sharply defined markings of a second color appearing above each eye, on the sides of the muzzle, on the throat/ forechest, on all four legs and feet, and below the tail. Any combination of acceptable colors is allowed. Nose pigment should follow requirements listed above based on the solid base color.
Allergies and Shedding
Allergies to Labradoodles?
The Labradoodle was specifically bred for allergy sufferers. If you or a member of your family has an allergy to dogs then the best way to find out if you are allergic to the Labradoodle is to spend time with one.
For allergy sufferers, your best bet is to get an Multigen Labradoodle with a wool coat.
F1 = First cross between a lab and a poodle
- This is not a safe choice for allergy sufferers or those who don’t want shedding because the ability to identify which puppy will or won’t increase allergy symptoms and/or shed as an adult is all but impossible.
F1B = F1 bred back to a Poodle
- This is not the best choice for those concerned with allergies and/or shedding because there is only about an 8/10 chance that this dog won’t shed/be allergy friendly, depending on the previous generations.
- If both the Labradoodle parents are non-shedding then the pup should be allergy friendly and non-shedding. This is the best bet for those families who are looking for a non-shedding and allergy and asthma friendly dog.
IMPORTANT! All Labradoodles are NOT non-shedding or little to no shedding. Your dog, like all mammals on Earth, will naturally grow hair and loose hair! Some have a fur coat and lose fur individually all day, more prior to hot weather. Fur grows to a set length then drops out then grows again to a set length and falls out, this is shedding. Some breeds have long fur and some short, this refers to the length it grows before falling out.
Other dogs have a more “humanistic” coat property, like multigen labradoodles and poodles, and will occasionally scratch or pull out small clumps of hair, leaving a dust bunny around the house about once or twice a week. These dogs will need grooming or their coat will grow and grow very long. These dogs are considered non-shedding. Bottom line, ask the breeder and familiarize yourself with the parents. Do your homework before you commit to a Labradoodle puppy!
- Early generation Labradoodles often shed.
- The wool coats of the Labradoodles are considered non-shedding.
- An Labradoodle with a fleece coat are considered little to no shedding.
If you are seriously concerned about shedding, then an Multigen Labradoodle with a wool coat is your best bet.
- Labradoodles are prone to ear infections because the hair in the ear canals doesn’t shed on its own and labradoodle ears are waxy. In order to keep air flowing beneath the ear, owners should trim the hair underneath the ear flaps and pluck the hair in the canal. Labradoodles should also have their ears cleaned weekly with an ear cleaning solution that you can get from your vet.
- Trim their nails, including the dew claw located a bit further up the leg. A dog’s vein system ends in their nails, it is referred to as the “quick”. If you cut the nail too short it is possible to hit the quick and the dog can bleed severely. Styptic powder, flour or cornstarch works well to stop any bleeding so be sure to have some on hand. Ask your vet to teach you how to clip your puppy’s’ nails properly before doing it yourself. Black toenails are especially hard to judge where the vein is; whereas, in clear nails you can see where the quick ends. Be careful. The hair between their foot pads will need to be trimmed. Remember to check between their pads regularly for any debris that might have gotten lodged.
- The different coats will require different amounts of care and grooming.
- Hair: will need a quick brushing every few weeks depending on the density and length. A light trimming might be required with scissors.
- Fleece: This coat requires weekly brushing. It can be clipped to a 1” length 4 times a year and then allowed to grow back to its long flowing length.
- Wool: is easy to care for. It will need a brushing every few weeks and will need to be clipped 2 times per year.
- Fleece and Wool – the adult coat comes in around 10-14 months old. Because the puppy coat doesn’t shed on its own, it will need to be stripped out or it will cause severe matting. During this time of coat change, which could take anywhere from 1 to several weeks, it is recommended that the puppy receive daily grooming.
- The different coats will require different amounts of care and grooming.
- Buy a toothbrush and some doggy toothpaste and brush away! If you start this routine when they are young, they’ll grow up to enjoy it. You can also use a Dental Ring or Dentastixs, Greenies or just rawhide bones. Keeping your dog’s teeth clean is important for their health so find something that works for you and stick with it.
- Some Labradoodles can have little goops in the corners of their tear ducts. I find that using non-alcoholic wipes (baby wipes) works great for cleaning under their eyes. Or it’s easier to just pluck them out every few days or when the goop dries up.
Labradoodles parents often receive tests prior breeding to make sure they are in good health and cleared of any common undesired inherited genetic traits. Such traits that are tested are:
- Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia: (malformation of the hip joint causing pain and disability ; malformation of the elbow joint causing pain and disability). Labradoodles parents should have one of the of the following certifications with adequate scoring before buying from their litter:
- Eye disease: These include but do not limit to: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA; gradual loss of vision); Hereditary cataract (HC); Multifocal retinal dysplasia (MRD). Labradoodles parents should have one of the of the following certifications with adequate scoring before buying from their litter: